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Shepherd and Dog


An image of a shepherd and his dog at the turn of the century. Close examination reflects that this dog's coat was likely merle in color. This photograph is licensed by the Museum of English Rural Life (MERL) to this website. It is not to be reproduced in any manner without contacting MERL at the University of Reading in order to make arrangements for licensing use.




Collie Painting


An image hanging in a private collection was identified as being rendered by artist Joseph Denovan Adam who lived from 1842-1896. It is doubtful that Joseph Denovan Adam painted it, however, because he usually signed his paintings "J. Denovan Adams." The collie image has "Denovan Adam with a date of "19—." The signature closely matches the signature of Denovan Adams (1870-1935), the son of Joseph Denovan Adam. A comparison of the signature on the collie painting with the signature on another painting by the son indicated a very close match concerning the first name of "Denovan," but the "A" on the surname of "Adam was different. Often people use different forms of a letter in their names regarding the letter "a." Sometimes people use the printed A; other times the scripted form of A.  Also, the date on the collie painting was from the 1900s, which would correspond with dates the son painted such scenes. The father passed in 1896.




Cheviot Painting


British artist, Lillian Cheviot (1884-1932) produced many animal paintings. It is believed that she painted this canvas c. 1900.




Florence Nightingale


An undated book was published entitled Florence Nightingale and Frances E. Willard: The Story of Their Lives by W. J. Wintle and Florence Witts, wherein Florence Nightengale's life story was told by Wintle. According to the Florence Nightingale Museum, the book was published "after 1910."

An image appeared in a Norwegian publication entitled Vaarblomsten published in the year 1901. It also appeared in the book by Wintle, and in another book entitled Little Florence

Florence was born in 1820. It was known that Roger, a shepherd, worked for Florence's father. Roger had a sheepdog, and the dog, named Cap, may have been Florence's first patient. Documents exist that indicate Florence was involved in caring for animals on the farm between the ages of 12 and 16. Perhaps this image drawn by an unknown artist depicted her as being within this age range.




Goat-Haired Sheepdog


A goat-haired sheepdog. It can also be seen on page 64 of Heritage of the Dog (1990); page 8 of Old Farm Dogs by David Hancock; (1999); and page 10 of The Complete Bearded Collie by Joyce Collis and Pat Jones (1992) in grey tones. This image was provided courtesy of Charwynne Dog Features.




Panmure Gordon


Panmure Gordon's Beardies have appeared in several different books.




The 1902 American Kennel Club  Minutes



Thanks to Anne M. Hier, author, we are able to learn about an early showing of a Bearded Collie in America. In 1902, Mr. James Mortimer, participated in a discussion on what constitutes a breed regarding the AKC at a Quarterly Delegates Meeting for the American Kennel Club. He stated:

"'Old Fashioned' does not designate a breed, but when the words 'Old Fashioned' are used in connection with a breed, then it does designate a certain breed. It is a well-known fact that throughout the British Islands, an Old Fashioned Scotch Collie is a Bearded Collie. That has been recognized. I do not mean to say it is in the Stud Book or anything of that sort, but it is generally known as such."




Dupré Painting


Julien Dupré (1851-1910) was a French artist. A print of one of Dupré's paintings was of a shepherd and a sheepdog. The sheepdog appears to be similar to a Beardie-like canine. The printmaker was Brown & Bigelow, of St. Paul, Minnesota, with a copyright date of 1902. A cropped part of the image can be seen on this link. A full thumbnail size image is provided as well.




Drury (who served more as an editor than an author of original work) separately wrote a third edition of Dalziel's book entitled British Dogs: Their Points, Selection, and Show Preparation, London: L. Upcott Gill, 1903. He was assisted by other writers. The collaborators were listed by name and Panmure Gordon was listed as a "Specialist" for the Collies section (which likely contained the same wording as what was in Dalziel's second edition). Panmure's Beardie dog, Jock, appeared as Fig. 41 on page 147. More information on this book can be found under the date of 1879.




Bylandt, Henri de (Count)


Count Henri de Bylandt (1860-1943) wrote a book entitled Les Races de Chiens, published in 1897. In the 1904 edition, he included two photographs of Beardies owned by Panmure Gordon.

One of the dogs, Jock, has appeared in several other publications to include: Drury's British Dogs, 3rd Edition (1903), Maxtee's book of 1923, and Mrs. Willison's book of 1971






The image of Bobbins was dated 1904; he came from the strain worked on Lundy Island off the Devon Coast (west of England).

This image was provided courtesy of Charwynne Dog Features.




Hawes Fair


Hawes Fair. This photograph was taken at the Hawes Fair in 1904. Even today, there are advertisements announcing the "biggest sale of breeding sheep for the country." Was that a Beardie-like dog (shown in the enlargement?




J. Maxtee revised (as a 3rd edition) Hugh Dalziel's The Collie: Its History, Points, and Breeding. Maxtee renamed the third edition to: The Collie as a Show Dog, Companion, and Worker. (Note: Maxtee revised it a 4th time, which was released in 1921, and a 5th time, which was released in 1923. The last edition had a Beardie image, which appears under the date of 1923 in the Timeline.More information on this book can be found under the date of 1879.




Bearded Collie of 1905


A Bearded Collie in 1905. This image was provided courtesy of Charwynne Dog Features.

This image appeared in David Hancock's  Heritage of the Dog (1990), page 15. The same image was used in James Macdonald's revised book, published in 1909, of Stephens' Book of the Farm (from 1844). It also appeared as a cigarette card, with the heading "Casket Cigarettes," labeled as "Sheep Dog."

A similar appearing dog was included in Leighton's 1907 book The New Book of the Dog (on page 102). That dog was identified as Ben, owned by Lord Arthur Cecil. See 1907. Though very similar, no evidence has yet turned up identifying both those images to be of the same dog.




Alex Millar and Frisk


The photograph of Alex Millar and Frisk appeared in Adelaide L. J. Gossett's book entitled Shepherds of Britain (1911).

A photograph of Alex Millar and Frisk accompanied an article written by Maureen Sale in 1981. (See 1981 entry.)

The image of Alex Millar and Frisk also appeared in E. B. Carpenter's book. She authored The Blue Riband of the Heather: The Supreme Champions 1906-1988 (1989). Ms. Carpenter called Frisk a "half-beardie." According to Ms. Carpenter, Mr. Millar had a long and illustrious trial legacy; one of his earliest accomplishments was when he and Frisk were the first to go to the post at the first International at Gullane in 1906, although he did not have a successful run at that event.




A Shepherd's Dog


Artist Rosa Bonheur rendered a painting which she entitled "A Shepherd's Dog." It is believed the dog's name was Brisco. Although the dog has a shaggy type of coat, the dog appears to have spaniel type of ears similar to the ears of the dog painted in 1631 by Rembrandt (see 1631).This Bonheur image is sometimes referred to as an early painting of a Bearded Collie.




James Watson, a Scot, authored The Dog Book, which was originally published in ten parts in the U.S.A. It was subsequently also published in Britain. Clifford Hubbard, wrote in his book The Literature of British Dogs (1949) that Watson's book "...can be said that it is easily the finest book on dogs written by a British writer until Ash's superb Dogs: Their History and Development appeared in 1927."




The Beardie Collies Got Lost in the Haze


Mention of the Sutherland and Caithness Sheepdog Trials of September 1, 1906, appeared in a 1906 publication entitled the Northern Times. It was reproduced in Working Sheepdog News in February of 1982. The article mentioned that a trialing class for the Beardie Collie dogs was held. There were four Beardie puppies given by Lord Arthur Cecil to individuals in the trial of the previous year. Question: Could one of those puppies have been Ben (See 1907 - Leighton)? It was written (regarding trialing) that "not much could be expected of them" at this young age. The two best of the four young Beardies came from the Kildonan district, and they proudly announced that the prizes to the County of Sutherland was nine out of a total of 13 prizes. Kildonan is a part of the County of Sutherland, from the north of Scotland.

Permission to retype this article was granted by Andrew Hall, Editor, International Sheepdog News (formerly Working Sheepdog News).




International Sheep Dog Society formed. Beardie-like dogs were registered in the early years of the I.S.D.S.




Smith Book Info


A. Croxton Smith wrote British Dogs at Work (1906). This book is available on the internet for free. He mentioned the Old English Sheepdog and The Collie breeds, and he included pictures of artwork rendered by artist Vernon Stokes. Though Mr. Smith wrote many books, he apparently was not aware of the Beardie-like dog.




Luker 1906 Painting

Luker "On Guard"


William Luker, Jr. (1867-1951) painted a dog in 1906 that was labeled as being an Old English Sheepdog. But was it an OES or was it another case of mistaken identification?

Another Luker image has been reproduced and sold where the dogs were not identified. The date of the actual painting is unknown, but it has been stated by two individuals that they saw this image in a 1903 children's book where it was labeled "On Guard." But whether the artist would have given this painting a name is unknown. The breed type was either not known or not identified.




Leighton-1907 Book

Leighton's Books



The New Book of the Dog. A Comprehensive Natural History of British Dogs and Their Foreign Relatives With Chapters on Law, Breeding, Kennel Management and Veterinary Treatment by Robert Leighton. London: Cassell & Company Limited (1907). This book has 624 pages. Chapter IX, "The Collie," was written by James C. Dalgliesh, and included a picture of Mr. Dalgliesh's Bearded, Ellwyn Garrie and Lord Arthur Cecil's Bearded Collie, Ben. Ben also appeared on The Wrench Series as No. 1874. The caption stated "Bearded Collie."

Mr. J. C. Dalgliesh was a farmer from an area called Galashiels in Scotland. He used his dogs on cattle. He also became an exhibitor and judge. He served as Chairman for the first attempt to create a Bearded Collie Club in Edinburgh (very early 1900s).

The Complete Illustrated Collie, edited by Joe and Liz Cartledge (1973) included a chapter written by Joyce Collis. Ellwyn Garrie was mentioned on page 54.

The same pictures of Ellwyn Garrie and Ben that appeared in Leighton's 1907 book also appeared in Joyce Collis' book All about the Bearded Collie (1979), page 14.

According to Maureen Sale's 1995 article, Ben was mentioned in the "Our Dogs" article of December 17, 1898 (reprinted December 4, 1980) as having sired 4 puppies to Mrs. Hall Walker's Bearded Collie Stella. (see 1995 entry for Maureen Sale.) If that information is correct, Ben was likely born around 1897. Andrew Hall, Editor, International Sheepdog News (formerly Working Sheepdog News), gave permission for the Maureen Sale article and any accompanying photographs to be reproduced on this website.




Solomon Gorringe's Working Beardie


Picture of Solomon Gorringe with a Beardie appeared in Barkley Wills' Downland Treasure (1929). Mr. Gorringe had passed away in 1907. 




An article was published in the Gazette in January 1908, written by a Mr. Winslow Clark, describing a Beardie dog, named Bruce, who was competing at a sheepdog trial held at the Vermont State Fair. This 1908 article was reproduced in the "AKC Gazette" 100th Anniversary issue, 1989, page 38. This is believed to be one of the earliest written references to a Beardie competing in a herding trial in the United States.




Laird o' Dumbiedykes

SKC Catalog Cover

Inside Page of SKC Show Catalog


Four Beardies were listed in the Scottish Kennel Club Catalogue for an event held on October 28, 29 and 30th, 1908 at Waverley Market, In Edinburgh. Mr. J. C. Dalgliesh was listed as the judge. The second place dog was #303, owned by Mr. Robert Gordon. The dog's name was Laird o' Dumbiedykes. The dog's date of birth was December 15th, 1907. The breeder was listed as Mr. J. Russell Greig. His sire was Moss, bred to Bonnington Lass.

We are fortunate to have an image of Laird o' Dumbiedykes. Anne Hier, author of Dog Shows Then and Now An Annotated Anthology (1999, gave permission for this image to appear on this website. The image is dated 1912.

Thanks also to Bridget Howell for sharing the images from the Scottish Kennel Club Catalog for October 28-30, 1908.





Open Stakes


A book entitled Sheepdogs at Work: One Man and his Dogs by Tony Iley, first published by Dalesman Publishing 1978 and reprinted 1979, 1982, included a chapter about William Caig (1881-1968). Mr. Iley was able to obtain Mr. Caig's notes in a record book from Mr. Caig's daughter. Among Mr. Caig's writings were:

"Again in 1908 Ben Murray won the trial with a ten month old beardie and was second with Tam, last year's winner. Ben was very proud, as well he might be, of winning with his 10 month old pup. He was later sold for £11 to Joseph Moses who called him Jock and for some years cleaned up much prize money in England and Wales. Eleven pounds was the most we had ever heard paid for a dog."

Thanks to Andrew Hall for obtaining a copy of the Programme for the Llangynog 4th Annual Sheep Dog Trials for August 3, 1912. The page on the "Open Stakes" lists Mr. J. Moses, from Oswestry, competing with "Jock." Though that trial took place in 1912, it is placed here since Ben Murray won with Jock in 1908.




Revised 1909 Book of the Farm


Henry Stephens (1795-1874) was a Scottish agricultural writer. He wrote Book of the Farm, published in 1844. James Macdonald revised the book and released it as a Fifth Edition in 1909. In the Fifth Edition, Volume III on Livestock, a Bearded Collie was described.

Henry Stephens (1795-1874) was a farmer who also became a writer on agriculture. It was his aim, after owning his own farm, to put forth writings that would assist those inexperienced in the farming way of life.

Thanks to the Library and Archives of the Royal Agricultural Society of England regarding language appearing in the 1844 and 1909 publications. 




May 12, 1909 Article


Copy of an Article which appeared in "The Bazaar, The Exchange and Mart," May 12, 1909.




First Sheepdog Trial at Manchester

Images From Trial


Mr. R. S. Piggin, a well known dog person and Judge, wrote an article for the "Collie Folio" about the first Manchester Sheepdog trial. It was published on March 24th. Pictures accompanied the article. He made a fabulous recommendation to add the "Beardy" to a class for the show bench.




Leighton-1910 Book


Dogs and All About Them by Robert Leighton (drawing from his New Book of the Dog, published in 1907) included abridged writings by James Dalgliesh, originally written for Cassell's New Book of the Dog, edited by Robert Leighton (1907).




Image 1

Image 2

Image 3


W. H. Hudson wrote A Shepherd's Life: Impressions of the South Wiltshire Downs (1910). The original book included some wonderful images (likely woodcuts) that were drawn by Bernard C. Gotch, who was born in 1876. Gotch's date of death seems to be confusing; several dates show up. This book was re-released in 1981, with many new images.

Hudson understood the sheep and cattle business. He was born to American parents, but lived in Argentina for 33 years before eventually moving in England and became a naturalized citizen.

In two of Gotch's images, the viewer will see a Beardie-like dog.

For those interested in herding, it is recommended that the Gutenberg ebook #7415 be read on line





Jim Fowler with Beardie


Shepherd With Beardie


Shepherds of Britain: Scenes from Shepherd Life by A. L. J. Gosset was published in 1911. One photo on page 25 is of Jim Fowler with two dogs and a child. The photo was taken by Habberton Lulham. The dog on his left is Beardie-like.

Another photo, on page 317, shows another shepherd with a Beardie. The quality of the picture is not the best.




Other: Kennel Club


Beardies were being shown prior to 1912. See the 1908 entry above to review the page from the Scottish Kennel Club Catalogue reflecting four Scottish Bearded Collies were entered.

A document was typed from various issues of the Gazette for the Kennel Club by Elsa Sell. The Kennel Club formed in 1873. This list of registrations begins in October of 1912 when the Scottish Bearded Collie Club was founded. The first President was J. C. Dalgliesh.




Painting by Emms


John Emms (1843-1912) was a British artist. He painted numerous images of horses and dogs. One of his paintings (an oil on canvas) included a dog similar to other images of Beardie-like dogs of that era. The date of this image is unknown. A tiny image of the entire picture is above the cropped image showing the dog.




Greig's Article


Dr. J. Russell Greig, M.R.C.V.S. (Member of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons) in 1913 wrote an article for The Collie Folio. This magazine was circa 1906-1917. A copy of Greig's article was also reproduced in All about the Collie (1971) authored by Ada L. Bishop.

Greig wrote: "The club Standard is presently being compiled, and one shall not venture to go into a minute description of his 'points', but it is resolved to keep the dog as much as possible in the state in which he exists throughout Scotland today, and at all costs let him remain a worker."

The Club didn't make it due to the wars. Thanks to the many shepherds/farmers throughout many decades, Mr. Greig's desire has remained true.






Theo Marples' Show Dogs: Their Points and Characteristics. How to Breed for Prizes and Profit was published as a second edition around 1914. His writing on this page included a drawing by artist, Arthur Wardle.




Photograph Taken By Robert Adam


This photograph has been identified as being taken on September 1, 1916. One of the dogs is a Beardie-like dog. This image has appeared in several books.

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